Saint Augustine: (ST. Augustine)
Most Popular lawn and in Florida also used in southern United States. Known as to be native to the coast of the Mediterranean and Gulf of Mexico. Adapted to warm humid conditions and sub tropical area’s of the world. St Augustine grass can grow in many types of soils and climates in Florida and tolerates wet soils. It has a thick green appearance and It is susceptible to Chinch Bugs but can be treated with the proper chemicals. It does require frequent mowing “Medium – High”, Seasonal Fertilization and Proper watering. There are Different Variations of ST. Augustine Grass.

Floratam Saint Augustine grass is a Aggressive easy to establish and excellent salt tolerance best grown in full sun. The most recognized ST. Augustine and superb plugging grass. Floratam requires more than 6 hours of sunlight and It grows vigorously in warm weather.

Densely spreading variety and aggressive growth habit in rich green color . Palmetto -St. Augustine is Cold tolerant and performs well in sun and shade. Palmetto St. Augustine recovers quickly from damage by wear or minor scalping as it sends out runners to repair open areas. Palmetto has proven itself a superior St. Augustine

Very cold tolerant and grows well in full sun with the best shade tolerance of any Saint Augustine available. Superior emerald green color turns fluorescent green when it's hot, maintains excellent winter color and has a high tolerance for cold.

Seville St. Augustine is dense compact foliage in emerald green color. Fast spreading with rapid establishmentith with its ability to grow in areas of little sunlight, Seville sod is a semi-dwarf grass used throughout the southeastern United States. Another vigorous sod, Seville has an excellent horizontal compact growth due to its semi-dwarf composition, and requires less mowing than most grasses.
While Seville sod is one of the highest ranked shade-tolerant St. Augustine grasses, it also grows well in full sunlight. Seville sod will prove its worth when those cold snaps come along because it has an excellent tolerance to cold weather. It retains its color and, when warm weather returns, it shows its true green again with only moderate fertilizer.

Bahia Grass:
Bahia Grass, from Brazil, began being used in United States in 1914 as a pasture grass and mostly used in the southern states where sandy soils exist. Through the years new varieties are being used for residential and commercial lawns. It is drought-tolerant…Good for infertile sandy soil… Does not form much thatch, does not need excessive fertilization and can be grown by seed or sod. There are Different Variations of Bahia Grass.

Common type of Bahia grass is course in texture and is light in color. . Bahia grass is resistant to drought, disease and most insect attacks. Bahia grass can survive in a variety of soils from sand, sandy to clay and other infertile, dry soils. Bahia grass requires some maintenance to keep looking good in  commercial landscapes not recomended for residential landscapes.

Argentine type of Bahia Grass is think and dark green in color, and grows good in many conditions good for residential areas. It is cold torrent, and has a high insect, and disease resistance.

Pensacola Bahia Grass Seed is used for lawn and pasture applications in the southern climates. Pensacola bahia grass seed is commonly used for lawns, pastures and roadside applications. Pensacola Bahia grass seed is excellent for sandy soils where many other grass varieties struggle.  Pensacola also is cold tolerant above freezing.

Paraguay is also none as “Texas Bahia Grass”, it is not cold tolerant and get fungus problems. Paraguay is not as good, as Argentina and Pensacola.  Bahia Grass can be difficult to mow compared other grasses, especially when wet. Requires weekly mowing during summer months. During Hot temperatures, no weed control can be applied for it will damage or kill the lawn. Can receive cold damage during winter months. Bahia is not good for sandy areas and does not tolerate salt water. Not good in heavy traffic areas and can turn yellow due to the lack of Iron.

Carpet Grass:
Good for wet poorly drained soils and can withstand moderate shade. Carpet grass has a thick density with good color even with moderate fertilization. Not good for during drought and cold weather. Has poor salt tolerance and is susceptible to insects such as “Sod Web Worms”. It is Not the most desirable grass you want for a lawn and home owners generally don’t want it mixing with other grasses such as St. Augustine for it can take over. If not to concerned about the quality of ones lawn, most people will leave it alone “as long as it is green” people say, but it is Not Recommended to have in your yard. Unfortunately, Due to changes in the usage of certain types of chemicals, it is becoming more difficult to keep from spreading in a good quality lawn.

Centipede Grass:
The most common grass used for homes in the panhandle of Florida. Also good for central and northern areas of the state. Centipede Grass has a medium texture and is yellow green in color. It does survive drought conditions and works well in sandy soils but it is susceptible to receiving damage from Nematodes. Heavy fertilization causes it to be not cold tolerant & have excessive maintenance problems. Problems such as diseases can occur causing dead patches during spring time. There has been a decline in it’s usage due to those factors. Weed control can be done once during cooler weather.

Seashore Paspalcum:
The New Seashore Paspalcum Grass is becoming ever more popular especially for usage on gulf courses and costal regions. Seashore Paspalcum certainly has It’s advantages. It can be watered by using poor quality water such as “believe it or not…Salt Water”, which makes it an excellent type of grass for growing in costal areas. Grown best during the summer months and warmer climates, Seashore Paspalcum can be established best by sod. It requires low fertilizer treatments and has a consistent dark green color. Can receive a heavy amount of rain which makes it great for tropical areas such as South Florida and Key West. Seashore Paspalcum needs thatching done yearly, prefers to be mowed at 2-inches weekly while weed control can be difficult due to most current chemicals available are not labeled for this type of grass.

Zoysia Grass:
Just like Bermuda Grass, Zoysia Grass is mostly used for residential and commercial landscapes such as athletic fields and gulf courses. Zoysia Grass has good shade tolerance, resists salt damage, and is good for heavy traffic areas. It’s dense turf can resist most weeds and can take less mowing to maintain. It does take long to establish when new, requires high fertilization and has low drought tolerance. Recovers slow from damage. Low resistance to Nematodes and susceptible to diseases. Also produces thatch. There are Different Variations of Zoysia Grass.

EL Toro:
EL Toro Zoysia grass establishes quickly with less thatch build-up. It is cold and shade tolerant and during the spring greens up fast. 'El Toro' grows well in both sun and shade and is very resistant to traffic. 'El Toro' has been tested to be very drought tolerant. It also is very easy to mow with a rotary mower. 'El Toro' also produces little or no thatch and is disease resistant. 'El Toro' is excellent for home lawns and golf courses. Because it is slower growing than other Zoysia's, El Toro will require less frequent mowing.

Empire Zoysia grass is dark green in color and grows fast. Zoysia is good in sandy or clay soils and any mower can be used to maintain. Empire Turf raises the bar for warm season turfgrasses. Dark green color, disease resistance, soft to the touch feel, drought tolerance, and a proven track record make Empire an excellent choice for Home, Commercial, and Sport applications.

Empress Zoysia grass is widely used for home lawns, golf courses, athletic fields and grows dense with soft leaf texture. “Empress Zoysia” is very green in color.These are most common types of grasses grown in Florida.
Kurt Kmetz

Types of Grass That Grow Well in South Florida
St. Augustine
Carpet Grass